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Dental Veneers versus Crowns: How to Choose the Best Material

Our teeth are an important physical asset. All our facial features work in perfect harmony to produce a blend of beauty, unique to every individual. But one feature stands out the most and is considered most important in making first impressions and that is – our smile. A healthy smile is indicative of a healthy body. Bad oral hygiene may be linked to many diseases such as diabetes and stroke, among others. Dental veneers and crowns can be beneficial for those cases.

Either poor knowledge or lack of care of teeth may lead to a situation where they might be crooked, chipped, yellowed, non-aligned, or missing. It can, of course, occur naturally too. Sometimes things may be out of our hands such as having a bad fall, getting ill, or experiencing blunt trauma. However, in all these cases, there is no need to be hopeless because there are quite effective solutions out there that can help you. This guide will discuss exactly that in complete detail so that you can decide what’ll suit you better. Although through our initial consultation session, we’ll further make sure what treatment you should be getting. 

 

What are Dental Veneers? 

 

Many people seek dental veneers if their teeth have gaps between them, or they’re yellow, broken, or chipped. The damage to the teeth is not that pronounced in such cases. So, through thin layers of porcelain, ceramic or other related material, which we will discuss, the teeth are laminated. Although in case of dental veneers, only the frontal parts of the teeth are covered. 

Porcelain veneers are more commonly used and recommended because they give a natural appearance and are greater in their likeness to other teeth, including strength. They will help improve the overall functionality of your teeth and are generally used for aesthetic concerns. 

 

What are Dental Crowns? 

 

Unlike porcelain veneers, dental crowns cover all parts of the teeth. It encompasses that particular tooth completely on all sides. This leads many people to think that crowns are just full veneers, but that’s not fully correct. Although, it may not be completely wrong if you think about them in that way. 

Dental crowns are recommended when the tooth has been significantly damaged. It could be because of many reasons such as smoking, or protecting a fractured tooth from completely breaking. A weak tooth may also find greater safety in the cocoon of a crown. As crown treatments require full coverage, teeth are shaved more than they are in a veneer treatment. And because of its all-encompassing characteristic, we can claim that crowns are more durable than veneers. However, that does not mean that veneers are weak and will break down on the slightest shock. They are also strong enough. 

Dental crowns have the added advantage over other restoration treatments because it is relatively permanent and resembles natural teeth. 

 

What Material are Dental Veneers and Crowns Made of? 

 

As much as porcelain is recommended, it is not the only material to be used for dental crowns and veneers. There are, in fact, several options when it comes to these treatments, including zirconia, ceramic, composite resin, and Emax, which is quite a popular option for both veneers and crowns. 

The presence of this wide variety of material, of course, serves specific purposes. The choices for it are not randomly made but are made after much deliberations on what’ll suit one best based on multiple factors. So, when selecting the material for your crown, your dentist will consider what you desire as well as things such as the location of your tooth, the position of your gum tissue, how much natural tooth is remaining and the colour of the surrounding teeth. 

We’ll discuss each and every material in detail for your better understanding of their functionality. 

 

Types of Materials 

 

Following are the different materials generally used for dental crowns and veneers: 

 

Porcelain Veneers

 

As mentioned earlier, veneers can be used to solve the problem of stained teeth. Many people consume 2-3 cups, sometimes even more, of coffee and tea for years and years, this will eventually lead to a sort of permanent stain. Although you can bleach them, they run the risk of turning to their “original” colour again. Porcelain veneers, here, work marvellously as they are stain-resistant. They will protect your teeth and give you a radiant smile that you desire. 

They are one of the most sought after options since they provide a beautiful and natural look. Another thing to note about them is that, as porcelain does not conduct heat and cold very efficiently, your sensitivity to hot and cold foods will be often reduced during the initial placement. They are strong and promise good functionality when applied, which is what makes them so widely popular. 

 

Zirconium Crowns 

 

Zirconia, also known as zirconium dioxide, is a white crystalline oxide made from the metal zirconium. The material is extremely durable even more so than porcelain. Its stain-resistant properties are also better than porcelain. Further, zirconia acts as an ideal base for porcelain because the bonding process between the two elements is strong. They may be used without any fear of an allergic reaction by the body. For a darker tooth, zirconia is usually used. 

 

Emax

 

Emax is basically pressed ceramic. The material can be preferred for both crowns (covering all parts of the teeth) and veneers (covering the frontal part). It is your dentist who will decide though which one you need after the examination of your specific case. As Emax is more translucent than zirconia, it may help you attain more natural results by allowing more light to pass through. It has a wider shade scale and is more likely to find a colour that is more like that of your “original” teeth. It is quite suitable to help with broken, crooked, stained, and decayed teeth.

As far as cost is concerned, it is even more expensive than zirconia and, of course, porcelain. Depending on what you’re looking for, such as a Hollywood smile with whiter colours, then porcelain veneers might be a better option for you. 

 

Composite Bonding 

 

In this treatment, the composite resin is applied to the teeth if they are chipped, broken, or have gaps between them. It is quite a cost-effective solution to gain a beautiful smile. It is also used as an alternative treatment for crowns. 

Although they are advantageous in the sense that the composite material can match the colour of your teeth, they are not the most ideal. In fact, composite crowns are the least ideal in terms of strength and durability. Even chewing a pencil might break them. So, you might’ve to let go of some habits. But it is used for some patients who are very sensitive to both metals and porcelain. In those cases, composite crowns come to the rescue. While it is a more affordable option, they are a little squishy compared to crowns. They can even stain easily, so they are not the best choice for those who are heavy coffee and tea drinkers. To make sure that your new teeth are as durable as possible, we suggest you get crowns. 

So, which is the Best One? 

As it is evident from the above discussion, you can’t necessarily say that one is better than the other. Each is suitable for a particular situation and patient, and so, you may not always have the final say in what to choose. Your need will mostly determine that. 

So, to conclude, we can claim that porcelain, zirconium, and Emax are not better than each other. It is almost entirely up to the patient’s needs and wishes. To get the most durable one, you can choose zirconium, although it is expensive. To get the whitest shade of colour, you can get porcelain, which is the most common choice. And to get a colour which is closer to that of your natural teeth, you can choose Emax. This guide was meant to give you a clear idea of what you’re looking for and the best way that you can get it.

Concluding Remarks

Not everyone is looking for the same thing when it comes to taking care of themselves. Certainly, not everyone has the same problems. So, you shouldn’t think that you should also be getting what others are. This stands true here because there is no one single “best material” that everyone can use for different problems and needs. You do you, and it will work out in the best possible way for you. 

However, if you do feel that you need to consult a professional about your choice, then you can get a free, in-depth, and detailed consultation from Longevita. All you would have to do is send photos of your teeth to us. We offer free audio or video consultations and aftercare appointments five days a week by our expert patient consultants or aftercare specialists online at the comfort of your home.

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